How to Cool Off This Summer – Part Two

In the second part of the summer series, I will shhare with you the secrets behind creating some great fruit cocktails that keep you cool all summer long.

Firstly, fruits with lots of water content keep your insides cool. Also, some citrus fruits keep your vitamin C levels up and provide a refreshing subtitute for plain mineral water. The key ingredient in these cocktails is sweetened, unflavored glucose powder. It works to energise you and also acts as a substitute for sugar.

Watermelon Juice


1 sliced watermelon (deseeded)
1 tsp. glucose
pinch black salt


Blend the ingredients in a juicer or blender. Pour into a glass with crushed ice. Top with small slices of watermelon. Make lots and lots of it.

Ganga Jamuna


juice of:
1 orange
1 sweet lime

50 ml. grape juice for sweetening
1 tsp. glucose pwd.


Blend the ingredients in the blender. Chill in the freezer for 20 minutes. The drink becomes frosty like a smoothie.

Kokum Juice


1 tbsp. kokum conc. (available in Indian supermarkets)
2 tbsp. sugar
pinch of black salt and pepper


Add the ingredients to a glass. Top with water and crushed ice. The pepper gives it a tangy flavor. Chilled, it’s a very refreshing drink.

Banana Coconut MIlkshake


1 banana sliced
200 ml. coconut milk
100 ml. plain milk
3 tsp. sugar


Blend the ingredients in a mixer. Chill in the freezer for 15 minutes. You get a thick milkshake that’s very filling and can be had for a quick energy boost.

JavaScript – Handling HTML Forms


This is the third article of the series on HTML forms processing in JavaScript. This article assumes that you know how to write JavaScript functions and create HTML forms. See the last two articles if you are new to this topic. Today we will first analyze radio buttons and then some related topics. So, lets start the work!

Radio Buttons

Radio Buttons are used to select one option from a relatively short list. The only important property associated with a radio button is checked, which tells whether a radio button is selected or not. Following is an HTML code that displays three options for selection and displays a message when the button below them is clicked.

How did you come to know about this site:
Search Engine
Some Magazine
value="surf"; Just surfed in!

Code Explanation

Note a few things about the above code: First of all, the input type of the radio buttons is radio. Secondly, all of them have the same name. That makes sense because they are all part of the same question. These radio buttons differ only in their value attribute. Now try this: Copy, paste, save and then load this script into your browser and click the submit button without selecting any option. The alert message will still appear!

Now, how can you confirm a selection has been made before submitting this form. To comprehend the answer we need to know two things. The first one we will cover is arrays. We will briefly touch them. A more detailed discussion is deferred for some later article.

Array of Radio Buttons

An array, simply put, is a collection of objects referred to by their position in the collection. In the example given above, we have a collection of radio buttons named "refer", or in programming terms: an array "refer" of radio buttons. The value at the first position in an array is supposed to be 0. So, the search option is refer[0]. Similarly, the magazine option is refer[1] and the surf option is refer[1]. We can now re-write the check_form function to tell us the value of the option selected. The new function can also inform us if we click the button without selecting anything.

Wagon Wheels and Western Tales

“Whatever happened to Randolph Scott, riding the trail alone?”

That is a good question, and one that begs answering. Growing up in our respective generations, we had our heroes. Our hearing perks up when the radio announcer booms out, “another old timer has gone up to the round up in the sky”; our attention is drawn to the evening news when a brief filmography/highlight reel celebrating the life and times of (fill in the blank here). You turn to your spouse/friend, And comment how you used to go to matinees and see ( ). You feel a little loss, then Go on with your daily life. The bad news is that we all die. The good news is that we can alter lives prior to their passing. Such is the world of movie festivals, and the stars that frequent them. The ‘working’ years of many stars have come and gone. Some stars have left the bright lights and gone to work behind the scenes, some have returned to ‘normal’ life. And then there are those who toiled in the lights, and now are basking in the after glow of movie festivals, and nostalgia magazines that seek to answer the fan question, “Whatever happened to…?”. “What was it like working with…?”

There are many fine publications that are filled with information, interviews, and articles about and concerning the once living (still famous) and still living (and still famous). There are fan club publications, general publications, western and movie magazines, and a couple of great tabloids. A partial list follows:

Western Clippings (Newsletter) Boyd Magers 1901 Paige Place NE Albuquerque, NM 87112 1-505-292-0049

American Cowboy (Magazine) PO box 6630 Sheridan, NY 82801

The Big Trail(NL) 540 Stanton Ave Akron, OH 44301

Buck Jones Western Corral 301 Alta Lane Brookings, OR 97416

Cowboy Collector Network PO Box 74846 Long Beach, CA 90807

Cowboys and Country (Magazine) 131 E Exchange Ave #101 Fort Worth, Texas 76106

Cowboys and Indians (Magazine) PO Box 2441 Cupertino, CA 95015

Cult Movies (Magazine) 6201 Sunset Blvd, ste 152 Hollywood, CA 90028

Classic Images/Films of the Golden Age (tabloid-excellent!) PO Box 809 Muxcatine, IA 52761

Gene Autry’s Friends (News letter) 4322 Heidlberg Ave St Louis, MO 63123

Gun World (Magazine) 34249 Camino Capistano Capistrano Beach, CA 92624

Hoppy Talk (Newsletter) 6310 Friendship Dr New Concord, OH 43762

Lone Ranger Silver Bullet (Newsletter) PO Box 553 Forks, WA 98331

Starlog/Fangoria (Magazine) 475 Park Ave South New York, NY 10012 SPERDVAC Society Preserve and Encourage Radio Drama, Variety and Comedy (News letter-Org) PO Box 7177 Van Nuys, CA 91409

Tex Ritter Fan Club (Newsletter) 15326 73rd Ave SE Snohomish, WA 98290

Trail Dust (Newsletter) 407 W Rosemary Lane Falls Church, VA 22046

Under Western Skies/Cliffhanger 104 Chestnut Wood Dr Waynesville, NC 28786

Roy Rogers/Dale Evans Collectors (Newsletter) Association PO Box 1166 Portsmouth, Ohio 45662

Roy Rogers-Dale Evans Museum 15650 Seneca Road Victorville, CA 92392

Western Nostalgia Review News letter C/o John Samorajcyk 19205 Seneca Ridge, CT Gaithersberg, MD 20879

Old Time Western Film club News Letter C/o Milo Holt P O Box 142 Silver City, NC 26344

The Old Cowboy Picture Show

Easy Bachelor Recipes – Summer Barbeques

Summer is categorized by barbeques. If it’s summer, you’ve got to have one. Here’s how to prepare a full barbeque meal wit meat, vegetables and a great potato salad.

Barbequed Chicken


1 chicken cut into six large pieces
60 gm. ginger garlic paste
30 gm. red chilly powder
salt to taste
1 tbsp. vinegar
1 tbsp. soya sauce
1 tbsp. fish sauce
150 ml. yoghurt (plain)


Since the chicken pieces are big, make small, but deep knicks in the flesh of the chicken pieces.

Wash the chicken pieces. In a large bowl, add the yoghurt. Place the chicken pices in te yoghurt. With your hands, apply the ginger-garlic paste to the chicken. Marinate it in the yoghurt. Add thhe fish and soya sauce, vinegar, salt and a little pepper. Make sure that the chicken is completely marinated in the sauces. Let the chicken sit in the marinade for about four hours.

Lightly oil the chicken with a brush and microwave evenly for about 7-10 minutes making sure to turn the pieces over half-way.

Barbeque the pieces on a charcoal grill. If you have small boneless meat pieces skewer them with baby tomatoes, green peppers and pineapple slices.

Salad a la Barbeque


1 shredded cabbage
4 tomatoes sliced
4 cucumbers sliced
1 cup mayonnaise
salt and pepper


Toss all the ingredients in a large bowl. Experiment with different dressings like Thousand Island’s sauce or Italian dressing. Chill in the freezer.

With this, make sure you have lots of chilled soda and mashed potatoes in barbeque sauce. Happy spit-firin’.

How to Fertilize Your Garden Without Polluting Your Water Supply

A major source of nutrient pollution of surface and groundwaters is the homeowner. We douse our lawns and gardens with chemical and organic fertilizers, often without a clear understanding of soil requirements

Elemental nitrogen quickly converts to nitrate whenever oxygen is around. Rainwater and irrigation leach nitrogen and nitrates from the soil into surface and groundwaters. Excessive nitrates in drinking water can harm normal development in children and may lead to cancer in adults.

Phosphorus has been targeted as a culprit in unnatural algal blooms in surface water. Some of these algae are harmless, but others are toxic to fish and other wildlife. All choke out the native plants essential for surface water health and balance.

A key step in protecting our water resources from over-fertilization is a soil test. Most university co-operative extensions offer this service at a reasonable cost. Kits are also available, though some don’t contain a full array of analyses and the accuracy may be suspect.

Not only will the test tell you how much N-P-K you need; it will also indicate how to adjust the pH. Optimum pH for nutrient uptake will significantly reduce both the amount of N-P-K required and loss of nutrients due to leaching. For an in depth discussion of the components of fertilizers see my article “What The Heck is N-P-K?”

Use only slow-release fertilizers, those containing sulfur or plastic coated urea. The better ones will incorporate at least 50% of the nitrogen content as coated urea. Read the guaranteed analysis portion of the label to determine the percent contained in the mix.

If you choose to go the all-natural route stick to greensand or seaweed, raw bonemeal, and fish emulsion for sources of potassium, phosphorus, and nitrogen respectively. All are fairly water insoluble, which means they are also slow-release.

Never irrigate right after applying fertilizer. My Dad taught me the practice of “watering in”. For years I religiously followed it, in spite of being a hydrogeologist. I didn’t learn better until I became a Master Gardener in my 40’s. All you are doing by watering immediately is encouraging the nutrients to leach from the fertilizer.

Rather than pouring on the entire amount required in one application, use smaller doses of fertilizer employed on a more frequent basis. Lawns especially benefit from at least three applications a season. A high phosphorus start-up fertilizer in May, a slow-release high nitrogen one in July, and a balanced one in September.

When fertilizing in spring, cover the newly dressed soil with mulch. Not only does mulch keep down weeds, retain moisture, and minimize erosion, it prevents leaching of nutrients from the root zone. This keeps the nutrients where the plant can utilize them.

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